There is so much to like about Ortiz. It recognized a fundamental problem with the employment discrimination frameworks. Ortiz noted:
And the direct-and-indirect framework does nothing to simplify the analysis. Instead it complicates matters by forcing parties to consider the same evidence in multiple ways (and sometimes to disregard evidence that does not seem to fit one method rather than the other).
The Seventh Circuit has explicitly required lower courts to stop dividing evidence into direct and indirect frameworks and to consider it as a whole.